• Bathroom Ceiling Water leakage plumbing contractorbhai

Bathroom Leakage from upper floor

There are several reasons for leakage in Bathroom like damaged walls, mildew growth, etc. But before getting anything fixed/rectified, it’s most important to know the reason for leakage.

Reason 1

But if you have a second story bathroom or neighbors’ bathroom in the same place, the problem could be in water supply line or in one of the Bathroom Fittings – faucet or drains. Here the upper neighbor shall firstly try to find to cause of the leak. If the leakage is due to water supply line/drain line, than that shall be fixed first. Here the flooring will have to be compulsorily changed. Because the tiles would be affected by the leak which in future may crack/break. But while changing the flooring of the bathroom, water proofing should be done. Once the waterproofing is done, a home-owner need not worry for next 4-5 years (or even more).

Process of water proofing in existing bathroom.

  • Firstly the old tiles are broken and the surface is made smooth/in level for waterproofing.
  • The water proofing chemical then applied or sprayed on the surface and most importantly joints of wall. The chemical used is imported chemical.
  • The chemical is applied twice. Once the first coat is applied & then second coat is applied in next 2-3 hours. But see to it that the second coat applied is in different direction to the first coat i.e. if the first coat is applied vertically than the second coat shall be applied horizontally.

Reason 2

If you see a damp spot that reoccurs off-on on the ceiling than there are 99% chances for the leakage in drain pipe. This problem occurs when “Nani trap” or “nahani trap” is not fixed properly. Trap is basically small hole from where water flows outside of your bathroom. Fitting inside this outlet is known as “trap”. Only skilled contractors & mason workers know that it is important to place this trap covered by small pipe piece for extra protection. This is popularly called “vata” (common plumbing language of Mumbai)

“Vata” (pipe covering) is a small part that costs around Rs 50 to Rs 100, but this is ignored by most mason workers. This small measures can save 1000s if rupees in future.

You have S-trap and P-trap used for drain. The type of trap to be used is decided on the space availability. But here there’s a pipe running through the “Nani trap” that carries an additional pipe inside.

Reason 3

In some cases, there could be leakage in the fixture if it’s got rotten. Here you need to replace the entire fitting or diverter. There are chances of loose fitting between the water supply line and the fixture. This can be fixed by tightening the fitting.

As you see from above, it’s very important to know the reasons of leakage. If the flooring is changed of the bathroom, the traps shall also be changed. Usually there’s no leakage problem seen if CPVC pipes are used for water supply and drainage system.

About the Author:

Hi! This is Nitin, founder of ContractorBhai.com. We provide Affordable 3D Interior Design Service


  1. Rakesh Gupta 25 July 2015 at 7:36 am - Reply

    Very relevant information for owners of flats.

  2. Mohan 19 September 2015 at 1:30 pm - Reply

    There is a seepage from sidewall of toilet. Water is dripping continuously from top of window.can anyone investigate and fix?


  3. liz 10 November 2015 at 12:41 pm - Reply

    It will be nice if the article is supported with images ( of ‘vata’ ,p and s trap etc ) so that the readers can understand better.

  4. Nilesh Taras 14 March 2018 at 8:45 am - Reply

    Leakage from bathroom to below floor wall.
    Need injection solution for the same.

    • raj dave 22 May 2018 at 10:26 pm - Reply

      hi! i am having water stains on my kitchen ceiling and i can even see water drops which look fresh.. can injection help in this?

  5. balaraman 29 April 2018 at 1:21 pm - Reply

    I live in chennai and in a flat and there is one floor abouve us. in the bathroom the water is leaking i approached the top floor man ahe is not cooperative. can i stop the eak from my bathroom.balaraman

    • contractorbhai 4 May 2018 at 9:14 am - Reply

      unless you fix source of leakage it will be difficult to solve problem. Lot of people do wall tiling, this stops water to come through, but then water will find some other way & come out from different room/wall.

  6. Mohd mukeem 9 August 2018 at 6:15 am - Reply

    I sad water lekag on upper floor khudda of wc pipe and nahani trap.when tile fixing on floor these time toilet is ok but this when customer is come in socity seepage continuesly in toilet.
    Please help me.

    • contractorbhai 13 August 2018 at 11:03 am - Reply

      sir, you will need to check with your plumber/contractor. Water leakage problems are very tricky to solve.

  7. Padma Menon 2 January 2019 at 3:04 pm - Reply

    There is leakage to my flat from the above 3rd floor flats bathroom to my loft and is slowly seeping to the bedroom ceiling. Who is to pay for repairs. And what are the structural repairs

  8. Pachu 23 January 2019 at 10:19 am - Reply

    After changing all pipeline from top floor is better than before but how much time it will take to dry up the ceiling,its been 10days the wetness is still there but doesnt drip like before…

    • contractorbhai 23 January 2019 at 2:07 pm - Reply

      which city is your house located ? 10 days usually is more than sufficient period for most metro cities. If you dont see any wetness on the lower floor, it means job is done correctly. Please confirm things with your contractor & proceed.

  9. Deepak Jain 7 February 2019 at 11:38 am - Reply

    my neighbour has closet at first floor which has leakage in ground floor wall of my home. How can we stop leakage in our wall portion

    • contractorbhai 11 February 2019 at 1:06 pm - Reply

      Unless neighbor is ready to fix root cause of the problem, any problem solving done at your end will not give long term result.

  10. Siddharth 20 February 2019 at 4:48 pm - Reply

    I stay on 1 st floor and am getting water leakages from 2 ndf floor, on my ceiling and walls. Resident of 2 nd floor has changed inlet pipeline for bathroom for us but leakages still come. Many plumbers saw but were not able to locate the reason of leakage.
    Any leakage expert fro your side who can come to see in South Mumbai- Napean sea road area would be of great help

  11. Deepak 20 February 2019 at 9:58 pm - Reply

    Is there any alternate ways to find the source of leakage before breaking the wall, tiles and floor. I mean to say any equipment which can detect the source

    • contractorbhai 25 February 2019 at 12:47 pm - Reply

      it is not easy. Abroad people use moisture detector, basically it uses radiation & heat to verify leakage issues. Not common & easy with Indian conditions.

    • M 22 April 2019 at 12:05 pm - Reply

      Can you replace nahni trap in the bathroom without damaging water proofing and existing tiles

      • contractorbhai 26 April 2019 at 11:41 am - Reply

        very tricky. water proofing such a complicated thing to handle.

  12. Shankar 4 July 2019 at 10:49 pm - Reply

    hi! i am having water stains on my kitchen ceiling and i can even see water drops which look fresh.. can injection help in this?

    • contractorbhai 9 July 2019 at 11:26 am - Reply

      no solution can help unless root cause is fixed. Talk to person who lives above you. His flooring or bathroom has issues. In most cases neighbours do not coperate when it comes to spend money because they are not suffering. Please work with your neighbour(upstairs) and solve the problem.

  13. Parag Jagdeo 10 July 2019 at 10:06 am - Reply

    I want to rectify bathroom leakage , please contact me

  14. Rakesh Singh Gusain 13 July 2019 at 8:59 pm - Reply

    Hello sir,
    I m from mumbai. Since last 2 years i m Facing leakage issue in my Balcony and bedroom from my above flat and also done work but then also leakage issue has been solved yet..please help me out and let me. Know your ideas and give ur contact number

  15. Sai 1 August 2019 at 8:06 pm - Reply

    We live in Chennai. We had water leaking in the ceiling from fan in kitchen and another location near dining. Both these areas are under the bathroom of the first floor, so we got the leak-proof treatment was done and pipes replaced. But the leak is still there and it has also increased. It’s there during all weather and in the same spot. What could be the reason?

    • contractorbhai 5 August 2019 at 2:59 pm - Reply

      root cause needs to be fixed, no other fixing will work. Cause of problem has to be fixed else problem will sustain.

  16. Praveen 14 August 2019 at 11:17 am - Reply

    There is a wet patches and paint peeling off in the flat below my flat in the adjucent room of toilet and bath.
    There is no dripping but only water leak dampness and wetness on the cealing.
    How to find out that whether it is from conceal piping or from drain pipe. any non destructive test facility available.

    • contractorbhai 22 August 2019 at 3:04 pm - Reply

      finding water leakage issue is very tricky. Problem could be in completely unexpected place and you are seeing symptoms on particular wall.

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