In Modern designer world, home interior is all about aesthetics. How your walls, furniture and also Floors appear, creates an impression to the guests. One can judge your style of living with a glance at these features. Here we are going to discuss one such very essential yet largely ignored – Types of Flooring.
Today flooring is not just either Vitrified tiles or Marbles.
In India when you talk about flooring, home owners often think of tiles or Marbles. But today there are a variety of flooring types easily available which often go upspoken. Each of these flooring add different aesthetics to room.
Type of Flooring – Indian Marble Flooring
Marble has been used as flooring for many many years now. Makrana Marble-the White Marble was popularly used in ever house, office, everywhere. Makrana marble is the finest quality marble manufactured.
Marble is still a choice of flooring for rich, sophisticated Modern home owners. Once installed Home owners need not worry for coming 30-40 years. Re-Polishing and daily care is required can make you Marble appear new.
Diversity of Indian Marble Flooring
Indian Marbles are distinguished and named as per colour, place and design.
- Colour wise Marble – Green Marble, Pink Marble, Whire AMrble and more.
- White Marble with after figure – Morrrwala or Janjarwala.
- Marble with Plywood like design – Onyx
Cost of Indian Marble Flooring
Modern Home owners often prefer Italian marble for luxury projects, Makrana and Simple. Every Marble have sub-types. The cost of Marble varies with design, type, from where it comes and also on it demand. The cost of Marble varies from Rs. 100 to Rs.500 as per design.
- Pointers to take care of While Buying Marble
- Decide which type of Marble you want to buy – Indian Marble or Italian Marble
- Inspect for no cracks or chops in Marble while buying.
- Observe for no other defect like stains, blisters, patches or dents in Marble.
- Marbles are often 16mm thick. Examine the thickness while buying and on arrival at site too. IF the thickness is lesser then 16mmm, that mena its not a strong and durable one.
- Audit for the uniformity in thickness of Marble. If not the flooring will stay uneven.
- Ask for polished Marble stones only. Check on arrival at site.
- On arrival check for quality of breakage. The standard rule for breakage is 3%. If the
shipment comprises of more then 3%-5% of broken stones, then home owners shall check
with the quality of stone asked for and received
Type of Flooring –Tiles
Indian Modern Home owners prefer popular India tiles brands. The leading brand that offers quality, design and style.
Leading Indian Brands – Johnson Tiles, Somani Ceramics, Bell Ceramics are among few preferred good quality tiles.
Non-branded Tiles – Tiles that come from Morbi, Gujarat are famous but are not really branded tiles. Morbi tiles mainly refers to its place of manufacture.
Cost of Vitrified Tiles in Metro Cities
The Cost of tile or that matter any flooring material varies with Size and Design. Vitrified Tiles are available in standard sizes i.e. 2’ by 2’. The cost for Branded one’s like Nitco Tiles, Somani Ceramics or Johnson Tiles will start form Rs. 60 per sq.ft, which can cost as high as Rs. 300 per sq.ft with variation in design, style and polish.
The cost of tiles may vary with location and brands.
Tip – If you require tiles for 4,000 sq ft shop flooring, get in touch with manufacturer directly or tiles companies. They can work out a better deal if you share the shop plan, design and other papers with them.
Did you know this?
Each tile be it branded or non-branded have labels – Premium, Commercial and Reject Tiles.
Premium grade tiles are tiles bought by Home owners which are good quality tiles.
Commercial grade tiles and bought by most builders for residential and commercial use.
Reject Labelled Tiles are often bought for Government projects. Please don’t ask me why, we all know it well for why.
Tips for While Buying Tiles
- Know for Which room you buying Tiles
- Buy Matt finish for wet area and Glossy Finish Tiles for Living rooms and Bedrooms.
- Check for no Bent tiles
- Check each tile box for no shade variation on arrival.
- Always buy 3 boxes of extra tiles for future replacements or repair work.
Type of Flooring – Laminate Flooring
Laminate flooring is an artificial flooring type, also known as floating wood tile. Laminate flooring is used as a substitute to Hardwood or natural wood flooring. Today laminate flooring is available in wide range wood design, colours, design and size.
Features of Laminate Flooring
- Extremely Durable
- Castor proof
- Stain- Resistant, to even cigarette burns Flooring.
How is Laminate Flooring Made?
Laminate flooring is planks of HDF (high density fibre board) that is spread with décor paper, which is then covered with layer of lamination and then with a film of Anti-resistant coat.
These 3 layers are compressed to make 1 layer. This layered board is then cut in standard sizes which is further sent for final coatings and polishing. The polished boar is cut into planks. Grooves then then made for installation purpose.
Laminate flooring is installed in click of time as compared to any other flooring material. The planks are bought are installed through “CLICK” system. Here the planks are clicked and centre locked. Installing Laminate flooring is like solving a giant jigsaw puzzle. For skirting, plain laminate material but shade nearer to the flooring Laminate is used.
Cost of Laminate Flooring
The cost of Laminate Flooring is calculated on basis of per sq. ft.
Advantages of having Laminate Flooring
- On Installation, home owners can immediately use the floor space. Laminate flooring needs not time to harden or set like other flooring material.
- It can easily be dismantled and re-used in new space.
- It can be easily installed over existing flooring. A 2mm foam layer is installed to level the base which also acts as sound absorption insulation too.
Laminate Flooring – Care & Maintenance
- Regularly dry mop, soft brittle broom or vacuum clean the laminate floor. A big NO to wet mopping as wetness or dampness can swell or bend the Laminate.
- Place adhesive felt pads at the feet of a furniture to avoid abrasions and scratches.
- Wipe off the floor instantly if any liquid has fallen dover Laminate flooring.
- Cover windows with protective covering or always draw the curtains to avoid Laminates from fading.
- Keep re-arranging the furniture of the room to avoid discolouration in areas they are primarily placed.
- Remove stubborn stains with acetone
- Avoid inferior quality laminate flooring material. It can eventually separate, leading to dust collection.
Type of Flooring – Epoxy Flooring
Decorative Epoxy flooring is latest trend. Epoxy flooring is used in Industry, specially in Pharma & Food industry. It has quality of being joint-less floor, which gives very aesthetically rich look. Epoxy floor is inert, hence it doesn’t react with any chemicals. It is very easy to wipe the floor as it will not collect dust or debris. No stains of oil etc because there are no pores.
Epoxy is made when Resin & Hardener are mixed together. In addition to this by adding fillers/ colour agents, various colour combinations can be created. Instead of Concrete floor, Epoxy flooring is way more long lasting and has greater aesthetic value.
Type of Flooring – Engineered Wood Flooring
Alike Laminate Flooring material, Engineered wood comprises of 3 layers. The major difference being- the upper most layer is actual wood. The thickness of this wood layer differs with design and style from 2mm to 3.5 mm and so on.
Tips to Engineered Flooring Material
We suggest home owners to always opt for 3.5mm or thicker wood layer, Engineered Wood Flooring material. Thicker the wood layer, the flooring will last long. Also, thicker the layer implies the wood used to manufacture Engineered Wood Flooring is of good quality.
Misconception between Wood Solids & Solid Wood
Engineered Wood Flooring is often marketed as: Wood Solids” or “Wood Solids with Veneer”. Home owners often get confuse between Solid Wood Flooring and Wood Solid Flooring material. This confusion is knowingly created to high price the products. Solid wood is products or flooring made from actual wood, true wood which is quite expensive.
Benefits of Engineered Wood Flooring
- Engineered wood doesn’t expand or contract with weather change unlike Solid Wood material.
- Cost -Effective material as compared to Solid Wood Flooring.